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Washington State University
History | Humanities

Emeriti Faculty

Margaret Andrews

Margaret Andrews


Margaret lives in Vancouver, British Columbia and is busy with a range of volunteer work at home and abroad. In Vancouver she guides school tours as a docent at the Vancouver Art Gallery and works with elementary school students at a nearby public school, giving one-on-one reading practice to grade 1 students and doing whatever is helpful for a grade 4/5 teacher, most recently arithmetic remedial work. Once or twice a year she volunteers at schools in the Indian sub-continent, commonly in the Himalayas. Recent assignments have been in Sikkim, Assam, and Himachal Pradesh. In November 2013 she will be in a remote Nepalese village. Occasionally she is simply a tourist, for example in the Utah canyon country and in tribal northeast India.

Official retirement photo from 1996.

Susan Armitage

Susan Armitage




Sue Armitage lives in Portland, Oregon.  In 2010, she and Laurie Mercier published Speaking History (Palgrave Macmillan), a collection of oral history excerpts illuminating U.S. history since 1865. She remains a coauthor of the US history textbook Out of Many now in its eighth edition.  Most recently, in October 2015, she published Shaping the Public Good: Women Making History in the Pacific Northwest, which presents a new view of the history of the Pacific Northwest and how women of all races and ethnicities created it.

Her email remains

LeRoy Ashby

Leroy Ashby


LeRoy Ashby’s book, With Amusement for All: A History of American Popular Culture since 1830, was released in paperback, with a new introduction, in 2012. He was the guest editor of a special edition on Popular Culture in the Organization of American Historians Magazine of History (April 2010). His essay, “The Church Committee’s History and Relevance,” was published in Russell Miller (ed.), U. S. National Security, Intelligence and Democracy: From the Church Committee to the War on Terror (Routledge, 2008).

Fritz Blackwell

Fritz Blackwell



Academic & Professional Interests
Blackwell taught courses on South Asia and world history and was the former director of the Asia Program at Washington State University.

He is an associate editor for the Journal of South Asian Literature and has co-edited a volume of Indian poetry and a collection of American letters from East Pakistan. Blackwell has published numerous reviews and articles in Ariel, South Asia in Review, Asiaweek, Journal of South Asian Literature, and Indian Literature. His lastest book, India: A Global Studies Handbook, was published by ABC-CLIO, Inc. spring 2004.

Official retirement photo from 2004.

David L. Coon

David Coon


David retired from WSU spring 2008 after teaching at the university for 37 years. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Illinois, Urbana in 1972. David’s areas of specialization were Early America, the American Revolution, and the history of American agriculture. Spring 2008, he won the College of Liberal Arts William F. Mullen Excellence in Teaching Award. That prize recognizes faculty members who exemplify excellence with an emphasis on involvement with students and student groups outside of the classroom. He won the university-wide Burlington Faculty Achievement Award for Excellence in Instruction in 1988. In addition, he also won and the Academic Advisor of the Year Award from Golden Key National Honor Society in 1987.

Edwin P. Garretson, Jr.

Edwin Garretson


Ed received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in Early Modern European History and Austrian History. He retired from in the spring of 2008 after teaching at WSU for 38 years. Ed is an active member of the Uniontown Community Development Association (Dahmen Artisan Barn project), the Palouse Scenic Byway Committee, the Pullman Chamber Lentil Festival Committee, and the Whitman County Historical Society. Local History has become his love as he works on editing the Historical Society journal, the Bunchgrass Historian, and organizing the materials, volunteers, and finding guides of the Historical Society archive in the Gladish Community Center.

His email remains

Candice Goucher

Candice Goucher is the author of many journal articles, chapters in books, reviews, and essays. She was the co-lead scholar on Bridging World History (funded by a $2.28M grant from Annenberg and the Corporation for Public Broadcasting). Her recent work includes Congotay! Congotay! A Global History of Caribbean Food (ME Sharpe/Routledge, 2014) and the two-volume world history, co-authored with Linda Walton, World History: Journeys from Past to Present 2nd edition (Routledge. 2012), translated into Chinese, Korean, and Portuguese. With Graeme Barker, she co-edited Volume 2 of the Cambridge History of the World: A World with Agriculture (Cambridge University Press, 2015). In 2015, the World History Association awarded her the ”Pioneer in World History” prize.She was the Trent R. Dames Fellow in the History of Civil Engineering (2014-15) at the Huntington Library, while researching a new book on the history of iron in the Atlantic World.

Jerry Gough

Jerry Gough


Jerry received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1971 and began teaching at WSU that year. During his tenure, he taught the history of science and technology and early Britain. Jerry ‘s articles have appeared in the Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Isis, Osiris, the British Journal for the History of Science, Technology and Culture, and Ambix. He has served as the editor of The Plutonium Story: The Journals of Professor Glenn T. Seaborg, 1939–1946 (Battelle Press, 1994) and recently co-authored a book with departmental colleague Richard Hume, Blacks, Carpetbaggers, and Scalawags: The Constitutional Conventions of Radical Reconstruction (Louisiana State University Press, 2008).

Richard Hume

Richard Hume


Richard received his Ph.D. from the University of Washington in 1969. His areas of specialty are the Civil War and the Reconstruction Era. Richard also taught American surveys and courses on the Jeffersonian and Jacksonian eras. Richard ‘s articles have appeared in journals such as the Journal of American History, the Journal of Southern History, and the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Hume co-edited, with F.N. Boney (University of Georgia) and Rafia Zafar (University of Michigan), God Made Man, Man Made Slave: The Autobiography of George Teamoh (Mercer University Press, 1990). He has recently co-authored a book with departmental colleague Professor Jerry B. Gough, Blacks, Carpetbaggers, and Scalawags: The Constitutional Conventions of Radical Reconstruction (Louisiana State University Press, 2008).

Kathryn E. Meyer

Kathryn Meyer


Kathy retired in May of 2008 after teaching for 19 years at Washington State University. She received her Ph.D. from WSU in 1992. Between 1989 and 2008, she taught a wide assortment of courses, including Roman Republican History, Women in the Ancient World, Food in World History, and World Civilizations. She was also the advisor of the WSU History Club, which she helped found. She lives with her husband, Doug, on a farm just outside of Pullman. They enjoy international and domestic travel. She is active in the Whitman County Historical Society, and she is currently working on several writing projects that she never managed to finish while she was teaching.

Her email address is

Jacqueline Peterson

Jacqueline Peterson


Jackie received her Ph.D. from the University of Illinois, Chicago in 1981. Peterson taught Native American, North American, and public history at WSU Vancouver. She curated and directed a 7,000-square-foot traveling museum exhibition funded by NEH titled Sacred Encounters: The Society of Jesus and the Indians of the Northwest and her publications include Sacred Encounters: Father De Smet and the Indians of the Rocky Mountain West (University of Oklahoma Press, 1993) and The New Peoples: Being and Becoming Metis in North America, ed., with Jennifer S.H. Brown (University of Manitoba Press, 1991).

Roger Schlesinger and Mary Watrous-Schlesinger

Mary Watrous-Schlesinger and Roger Schlesinger

Roger (Professor) 1968–2006
Mary (Senior Instructor) 1991-2006

Roger and Mary retired at the end of the 2006 spring semester. They are enjoying their new life and homes on the Hawaiian island of Molokaíi and at Port Angeles, Washington, with plans to visit various destinations around the world.

Roger joined the department in 1968. During his 39 years of service, he taught Renaissance and Reformation, published 4 books, received several teaching awards, and served as chair of the department from 1993 to 2005.

Mary came to WSU in 1984 to pursue a doctorate in Latin American history. After her career as a graduate student, she remained in the department as a senior instructor. She developed popular courses on the history of world trade and food, co-edited one book, and also received a number of teaching awards.

Official retirement photo from 2006.

Robert Staab

Robert Staab


Dr. Staab taught history courses primarily related to the Middle East and world civilizations until 2009. His interest in the Middle East started in 1965 when he served as a Peace Corps volunteer in Turkey. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Utah in 1980, with a focus on Middle East studies, Turkish and Islamic history. His recent research interests focused on social and cultural 19th-century Istanbul.

David Stratton

David Stratton



Professor Stratton is busy in retirement teaching an occasional class at WSU and working on research for a book involving, as a case study, the influence of railroads and major highways on a western town.

In 2002, at the College of Liberal Arts Awards Ceremony, he was awarded the Dean’s Distinguished Contribution Award and a Certificate of Appreciation (in grateful acknowledgement of 40 years of dedicated service to Washington State University).

His most recent contribution to the college was the publication of 2 booklets: The Liberal Arts at Washington State University and The Grand Old Lady: Albert W. Thompson Hall (Old Administration Building). He is the author of Tempest over Teapot Dome: The Story of Albert B. Fall (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1998).

Official retirement photo from 1993.

Marina Tolmacheva


Her publications number over 130 and include The Arabic Sources of the 13th–14th Centuries for the Ethnography and History of Africa South of the Sahara (Moscow, 2002, in Arabic and Russian); The Pate Chronicle (Michigan State University Press, 1993); “The Muslim Women in Soviet Central Asia” (Central Asian Survey, 1993); “Ibn Battuta on Women’s Travel in the Dar al-Islam” (Women and the Journey, Washington State University Press, 1993), “Intercultural Transmission and Selection:  Greek Toponyms in Arab Geography,” in Tradition, Transmission, Transformation (Leiden:  Brill, 1996), and “Female Piety and Patronage in the Medieval Hajj,” in Women in the Medieval Islamic World: Power, Patronage, and Piety (St.Martin’s Press, 1998).

Richard Williams

Richard Williams


Dr. Williams received his Ph.D. in Ancient History from Michigan State University in 1973 and started teaching at WSU the following year. During his tenure, Williams taught courses on the history of ancient Greece, Rome, and medieval Europe. He is interested in the use of electronic presentations in the classroom and has remodeled his lecture classes into PowerPoint presentations. Williams is also the Webmaster for the Whitman County Historical Society. Williams received the President’s Faculty Excellence Award for Instruction in 1992 and has received two NEH Summer Institute Awards. His most recent article (co-authored with his wife, Burma P. Williams), “Finger Numbers in the Greco-Roman World and Early Middle Ages,” was published in Isis (December 1995). The Williamses’ current research focuses on Roman mathematics and computing. Dr. Williams now resides with his wife, Burma, in Spokane, WA.

Faculty Books

2020-2021 Faculty Publications

Bauman, Robert and Franklin, Robert

Co-editors. Echoes of Exclusion and Resistance: Voices from the Hanford Region. WSU Press, 2020.

Brecher, William

Japan’s Private Spheres: Autonomy in Japanese History, 1600-1930. Brill Publications, 2021.

Faunce, Ken

Heavy Traffic: The Global Drug Trade in Historical Perspective. Oxford University Press, 2020.

Herzog, Shawna

Negotiating Abolition: The Antislavery Project in the British Straits Settlements, 1786–1843. Bloomsbury Academic Press, 2021.

Phoenix, Karen

Gender Rules: Identity and Empire in Historical Perspective. Oxford University Press, 2020.

Stratton, Clif

Power Politics: Carbon Energy in Historical Perspective. Oxford University Press, 2020.


Brecher, William, Co-editor. Defamiliarizing Japan’s Asia-Pacific War. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2019.

“War Games: The Meiji Shrine Games (1924-43) as Civil Religion,” in Beyond the Five Rings: Religion and Sport in Japan, eds. Zachary Smith, Stephen Covell, and Dennis Frost (forthcoming).

Chastain, Andra, Chile Underground: The Santiago Metro and the Struggle for a Rational City. New Haven: Yale University Press (forthcoming).

Rethinking Basic Infrastructure: Urban Development and Metro-Building in Latin America, 1960s-1980s,” special issue of Comparativ, edited by Marc Frey, Sönke Kunkel, and Nancy Kwak (forthcoming).

Faunce, Ken, Global Drug Trade. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2020.

Fountain, Steven M., Horses of Their Own Making: An Equestrian History of Native North America. Seattle: University of Washington Press (forthcoming).

Hanshew, Tracey, Oklahoma Rodeo Women. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2020.

Hatter, Lawrence, “The Limits of American Empire: The Transnational Life of John Askin, 1796-1815.” In Karen Marrero and Andrew Sturtevant, eds. A Place in Common: Telling Stories of Early Detroit. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press (forthcoming).

Heidenreich, Linda, Nepantla2: Excavating Transgender Mestiz@ Histories in Northern California. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press (forthcoming).

“La Sombra y el Sueño: Looking for Queer Hope in Times of Epochal Shift,”. in El Mundo Zurdo 7: Selected Works from the 2015 Meeting of the Society for the Study of Gloria Anzaldúa. San Francisco, CA: Aunt Lute Books, 2019: 63-78.

Herzog, Shawna R., Gender, Slavery, and Abolition in the British Straits Settlements 1795 – 1841. London: Bloomsbury (forthcoming).

Overtoom, Nikolaus L., Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East. Oxford University Press. Oxford Studies in Early Empires Series. 2020.

“The Parthians’ Failed Vassalage of Syria: The Shortsighted Western Policy of Phraates II and the Second Reign of Demetrius II (129-125 BCE).” Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 60.1-2 (2020): 1-14.

“Considering the Failures of the Parthians against the Invasions of the Central Asian Tribal Confederations in the 120s BCE.” Studia Iranica 48 (2019): 77-111.

“The Power-Transition Crisis of the 160s-130s BCE and the Formation of the Parthian Empire.” Journal of Ancient History 7.1 (2019): 111-155.

“A Reconsideration of Mithridates II’s Early Reign: A Savior Restores the Eastern Frontier of the Parthian Empire.” Parthica, Incontri di culture nel mondo antico 21 (2019): 9-21.

Peabody, Susan, Les Enfants de Madeleine: Famille, liberté, secrets et mensonges dans les colonies françaises de l’océan Indien. Paris: Karthala, 2019.

Sanders, Jeffrey C., Razing Kids: Youth, Environment, and the Postwar American West. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (forthcoming 2020).

“From Bomb to Bone: Children and the Politics of the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty,” in The Politics of Hope: Grassroots Organizing, Environmental Justice, and Social Change, eds. Char Miller and Jeff Crane. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, 2019.

“Duwamps: Extreme Makeover Edition,” in Green Contradictions: Urban Cascadia and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice, eds. Nik Janos and Corina McKendry. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2020.

Smelyansky, Eugene

The Intolerant Middle Ages: A Reader. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2020.

Heresy and Citizenship: Persecution of Heresy in Late Medieval German Cities. London: Routledge (forthcoming).

Spohnholz, Jesse A., Big Ideas and Ruptured Lives: Refugee Crises in World History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2020.

“Reformed Exiles and the Calvinist International in Reformation-Era Europe: A Reappraisal.” Handbook of Calvin and Calvinism, edited by Bruce Gordon and Carl Trueman. Oxford: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

“The Polyphonies of Microhistories: Yair Mintzker and The Many Questions of Historical Perspective.” Central European History, 53, no. 2 (2020).

“Religious Diversity during Europe’s Age of Religious Wars (1550‒1650).” In The Wiley Blackwell Companion to Religious Diversity, edited by Kevin Schilbrack. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2020.

Sutton, Matthew A., Chosen Land: How Christianity Made America and Americans Remade Christianity. New York: Basic Books (forthcoming).

One Nation, Divisible: A History of the American People, co-author with Kate Carté. Boston: Bedford Books (forthcoming).

“Religious Worldviews” in Cambridge History of America and the World, Vol. 3, 1900-1945, eds. Brooke L. Blower, Andrew Preston, and Mark P. Bradley. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press (forthcoming).

“Religion During World War II and the Cold War,” in Understanding and Teaching Religion in American History, edited by Karen Johnson and Jonathan Yeager. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press (forthcoming).

“God’s Spooks: Religion, the CIA, and Church-State Collaboration,” in Beyond the Culture Wars: Recasting Religion and Politics in the Twentieth Century, edited by R. Marie Griffith and Darren Dochuk. South Bend: University of Notre Dame Press (forthcoming).

Wang, Xiuyu, “Modern Sino-Tibetan Relations,” in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Asian History. New York, Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

Weller, R. Charles, Mosaic and Sharia Law in American National History and Identity. Leiden: Brill Academic (forthcoming).

Reason, Revelation and Law in Western and Islamic Theory and History, co-editor with Anver Emon. London: Palgrave (forthcoming).

“The Spread of Islam to the Americas via the Transatlantic Slave Trade: Its Civilizational Legacy, Indigenous Encounters and Implications for American National History and Identity.” World History Connected, Vol. 16, No. 1 (Feb 2019).

Wright, Ashley, “Gender, Violence and Justice in Colonial Assam: the Webb case, c. 1884” Journal of Social History, 1-18 (2020).




Matthew Avery SuttonFaith in the New Millennium: The Future of American Religion and Politicsco-editor with Darren Dochuk (Oxford University Press, 2016).

David Clif Stratton, Education for Empire: America’s Schools, Race, and the Paths of Good Citizenship (University of California Press, 2016).


Yvonne Berliner, et. al., History of the Americas 1880-1981  (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2015).

Yvonne Berliner and Philip Benson, The Mexican Revolution 1910-1940 (Hodder Education 2015).

Candice Goucher and Graeme Barker, The Cambridge History of the World Volume 2. A World with Agriculture, 12,000 BCE-500 CE (Cambridge University Press, 2015).

Noriko Kawamura, Emperor Hirohito and the Pacific War (University of Washington Press, 2015).


Matthew Avery SuttonJerry Falwell and the Rise of the Religious Right (Bedford St. Martin’s 2013).


Yvonne Berliner and Pathak, Rakesh, Communism in Crisis 1976-1989 (Hodder Education 2012).


Edward Bennett (ret) and Norman Graebner, The Versailles Treaty and Its Legacy: The Failure of the Wilsonian Vision (Cambridge University Press, 2011).

Yvonne Berliner, et. al., History of the Americas Course Companion: International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (Oxford University Press, 2011).

Peter BoagRe-Dressing America’s Frontier Past (University of California Press, 2011).

Noriko Kawamura, Yoichiro Murakami, and Shin Chiba, eds., Building New Pathways to Peace (University of Washington, 2011).

Jesse Spohnholz, The Tactics of Toleration: A Refugee Community in the Age of Religious Wars (University of Delaware Press, 2011).

Xiuyu WangChina’s Last Imperial Frontier:  Late Qing Expansion in Sichuan’s Tibetan Borderlands (Lexington Books, 2011).


Sue Armitage and Laurie Mercier, Speaking History: The American Past through Oral Histories, 1865-2001 (Palgrave/MacMillan Press, 2010).

Jeffrey SandersSeattle and the Roots of Urban Sustainability (University of Pittsburgh Press, 2010).

David StrattonTree Top: Creating a Fruit Revolution (Washington State University Press, 2010).

Orlan Svingen, ed., Splendid Service: The Montana National Guard, 1867-2006 (book trailer video) (Washington State University Press, 2010).


Robert R. McCoy and Clifford E. Trafzer, Forgotten Voices: Death Records of the Yakima, 1888-1964 (Scarecrow Press, 2009).

Laurie Mercier, et al., The 1970s Social History of the United States. Twentieth Century Social History of the U.S. Series. Daniel Walkowitz and Daniel Bender, series eds. (ABC-CLIO Press, 2009).


Robert Bauman, Race and the War on Poverty: From Watts to East L.A. (University of Oklahoma Press, 2008).

Richard Hume and Jerry Gough, Blacks, Carpetbaggers, and Scalawags: The Constitutional Conventions of Radical Reconstruction (Louisiana State University Press, 2008).


Sue Peabody and Keila Grinberg, Slavery, Freedom and the Law in the Atlantic World (Bedford Books, 2007).

Matthew Avery Sutton, Aimee Semple McPherson and the Resurrection of Christian America (Harvard University Press, 2007).


Laurie Mercier and Jaclyn Gier, Mining Women: Gender in the Development of a Global Industry, 1670-2000  (Palgrave/MacMillan Press, 2006) (paperback edition with new preface and introduction 2009).

HGSA Archive

Past History Graduate Students


Halderman, Christopher, MA
“The Militarization of the Puget Sound: A Gateway to the Pacific, 1880-1900”
Committee members: Robert McCoy, Noriko Kawamura, and Jeff Sanders

Hardyway, Fredrick, PhD
“Songhai’s Fall: The Role of Scholars and Blacksmiths in the Adoption, Adaptation, and Rejection of Gun Technology in West Africa, 1464-1612”
Committee members: Candice Goucher, Marina Tolmacheva, Ashley Wright

Hitchen, Matthew, MA
“A Republican Education: The Politics and Ideology of Education in Columbia City, New York. 1777-1850”
Committee members: Lawrence Hatter, Matthew Sutton, Clif Stratton, Mark Boonshoft

Kotin, Daniel, PhD
“Soundscapes of the Black Atlantic: Music, Memory, Recreation, and Nationalism in Trinidad Calypso, Ghanaian Highlife, and the African Diaspora”
Committee members: Candice Goucher, Sue Peabody, Ashley Wright

Martin, Nicholas, PhD
“From Crying Blood to Capitalism: The Transition of Tribal Leadership in the Revolutionary Era”
Committee members: Lawrence Hatter, Jenny Thigpen, Ashley Wright

Powell, Randal, PhD
“’The Day Soon Cometh:’ Mormons, the Apocalypse, and the Shaping of a Nation”
Committee members: Matthew Sutton, Jennifer Thigpen, Patrick Mason, Peter Boag, Lawrence Hatter

Reimann, Melanie, PhD
“They Would ‘Access Canada at a Usual and Accustomed Gathering Place’: Cultural Survival and Preservation Across the US-Canada Border by the Sinixt Nation and the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation”
Committee members: Robert McCoy, Lawrence Hatter, Jennifer Thigpen


Atkins, Gregory, PhD
“America’s Theopolis: Boosters, Businesses, and Christian Nonprofits in Colorado Springs, 1871-2000.”
Committee members: Matthew Sutton, Jeff Sanders, Peter Boag, Paul Harvey

Edgerton, Samantha, MA
“Better Thank Being on the Streets: Oregon, Idaho, and the Battered Women’s Movement.”
Committee members: Laurie Mercier, Peter Boag, Linda Heidenreich

Hagadone, Zachary, MA
“Palantines and Print Culture: Imagining Migration and Identity in the British Antlantic World.”
Committee members: Jennifer Thigpen, Jesse Spohnholz, Lawrence Hatter

Johnson, Amy, MA
“Wanapum Dispossession and Persistence on the Mid-Columbia in the Atomic Age.”
Committee members: Laurie Mercier, Steven Fountain, Rob McCoy, Thomas Marceau

Johnson, Joshua, MA
“When Bretheren Walk Together: Immanuel Tremellius (C. 1510-1580) , Jewish-Christian Conversion, Christian Hebraism, and Reformed Christianity.”
Committee members: Jesse Spohnholz, Steven Kale, Sue Peabody

Menard, John (JT), MA
“Scottish Ale: Bert Grant and the Rise and Fall of the Yakima Brewing Malting Company 1982 – 2005.”
Committee members: Rob McCoy, Robert Bauman, Jeff Sanders

Perry, Katherine, PhD
“Mau Mau in the Metropole: The British Conservation Party and Kenya’s State of Emergency. 1952 – 1960.”
Committee members: Raymond Sun, Heather Streets, Ashley Wright, Candice Goucher

Schroeder, James, MA
“Programs of Denial: Unlocking the Gates to Skilled Immigration Through Project Paperclip, 1945 to 1947”
Committee members: Noriko Kawamura, Matthew Sutton, Raymond Sun


Baudinet, Matthias. PhD
“The Post World War I Ethnic Purges in Northern Lorraine and the Formation of a Distinct Mosellan Identity, 1918 – Present.”
Committee members: Steven Kale, Ashley Wright, Raymond Sun, Brigit Farley

Binczewski, Jennifer, PhD
“Solitary Sparrows: Widowhood and the Catholic Community in Post-Reformation England, 1580 – 1630.”
Committee members: Jesse Spohnholz, Sue Peabody, Steven Kale, Todd Butler

Briere, Laura, MA
“More Than Meets the Eye: The Shoshone-Bannock Response to Education at Fort Hall, Idaho 1904-1946.”
Committee members: Orlan Svingen, Peter Boag, Jennifer Thigpen

Cassiere, Katrina, MA
“Assobiando Dixie: Confederate Exiles in Brazil.”
Committee members: Jennifer Thigpen, Peter Boag, Lawrence Hatter

Grav, Hans-Petter, PhD
“Vesterheim in Red, White, and Blue: The Hyphenated Norweigan-American and Regional Identity in the Pacific Northwest, 1890 – 1950.”
Committee members: Laurie Mercier, Robert Bauman, Jeff Sanders, Luz Maria Gordillo

Gumm, Sarah Beth, MA
“Tis the Best Joy that Anyone Can Ask: Progressive Era Women’s Clubs in Tacoma, Washington.”
Committee members: Peter Boag, Jennifer Thigpen, Laurie Mercier

McCormack, Carie, PhD
“Collection and Discovery: Botanical Collection in South and Southeast Asia, 1754 – 1885.”
Committee members: Candice Goucher, Ashley Wright, Jeff Sanders

Oller, Emily, MA
“Righteous Violence: Gender and the Stormtroopers, 1923-1933.”
Committee members: Raymond Sun, Ashley Wright, Brigit Farley

Shin, Dong Jo, PhD
“Sinicization with Socialist Characteristics: Han Control Over Ethnic Koreans in Northeast China, 1921-1976.”
Committee members: Xiuyu Wang, Sue Peabody, Raymond Sun, Cathryn Clayton

Smith, Taylor, MA
“Closeted Tongues of Fire: The Holiness Movement, Pentecostalism, and the Rise of Evangelical Cooperation in the 20th Century.”
Committee members: Matthew Sutton, Raymond sun, Robert Bauman

Svehla, Amanda, MA
“Communication and Power: Letter-Writing and the Elizabethan Court.”
Committee members: Jessee Spohnholz, Lawrence Hatter, Ashley Wright




Bond, Trevor, PhD
“Why Should We Have to Buy Our Own Things Back? The Struggle Over the Spalding-Allen Collection.”
Committee members: Rob McCoy, Jennifer Thigpen, Robert Bauman, Jeffrey Sanders

Gilleran, Sean, MA
“Carl Sagan’s Groovy Cosmos: Public Science and American Counterculture in the 1970s.”
Committee members:
Matthew Sutton, Jeffrey Sanders, Lawrence Hatter

Ockerman, Megan, MA
“It’s the Water”: A History of the Olympia Brewing Company, 1896-1983.”
Committee members: Rob McCoy, Jeffrey Sanders, Laurie Mercier

Song, Sikang, PhD
“Building a Smoking Society: Culture and Ecology of the Tobacco Industry in North China, 1902-1937”
Committee members:  David Pietz, Jeffrey Sanders, Noriko Kawamura, Heather Streets-Salter

Torres, Renee, MA
“Emissaries for the Lord: American Protestant Women Writers and Missionaries, 1930s”
Committee members: Jennifer Thigpen, Peter Boag, Matthew Sutton

Webb, Brianna, MA
“Helmut Kohl: In Search of a Unified Past”
Committee members: Raymond Sun, Steven Kale, Brigit Farley, Rachel Halverson


Anderson, James, MA, May 2016
Advisor: Rob McCoy
Thesis Title:  “Seeing America’s Alps: Visual Media and the Creation of North Cascades National Park”

Hogstad, Jason Thomas, MA, May 2016
Advisor: Peter Boag
Thesis Title: “Splitting Hares: Eastern Oregon Pest Control and the Urban/Rural Divide, 1900-1925”

Rau, Calen Edward, MA, May 2016
Advisor: Raymond Sun
Thesis Title: Of Monumental Importance: World War II, Hungarian Nationalism, and the Commemorative Landscape of Budapest


Bell, Brett, PhD, May 2015
Advisor: Jennifer Thigpen
Dissertation title: “Curse of the Forbidden Fruit: Southern Opposition During the Mexican War Era, 1835-1850”

Dennis, Michael (Mickey), MA May 2015
Advisor: Orlan Svingen
Thesis Title: “An Un-American” Objection: Mennonite Conscientious Objectors and American Antagonisms in Kansas During World War I”

Ford, Joni, MA May 2015
Advisor: Jennifer Thigpen
Thesis Title: “Lowered Expectations: Mary Walker and the Disappointments of Mission Life, 1839-1848”

Kinsella, Tyler, MA, August 2015
Advisor: Raymond Sun

Link, Amanda, PhD 2015
Advisor: Raymond Sun and Heather Streets
Dissertation Title: “Specters of Empire: Remembrance of the Great War in the Irish Free State, 1914 – 1937”

Runyan, Nyssa, MA, August 2015
Advisor: Orlan Svingen
Thesis Title: “The Greatest Adventure: American Volunteers from Leland Stanford, Jr. University and the University of California, Berkeley, in the American Field Service, 1916 – 1918”

Schlect, Christopher, PhD, May 2015
Advisor: Matthew Sutton
Dissertation Title: “Onward Christian Administrators”

Schraeder, Sarah, MA, May 2015
Advisor: Raymond Sun
Thesis Title: “The Long Road to Memorialization: A History of the Development of the Esterwegen Memorial, 1945-2011”

Selmanovic, Amir, PhD, December 2015
Advisor: Brigit Farley
Dissertation Title: “Self-Managed Tuzla: The Development of a Working Class City”

Stack, Brian. MA, 2015
Advisor: Peter Boag
Dissertation Title: “Sodomists and Citizens: The Washington State Sodomy Law at the Turn of the Twentieth Century”

Tyler, Jacki Hedlund, PhD, May 2015
Advisor: Peter Boag
Dissertation Title: “The Power of Political Chatter: Settler Colonialism and the Construction of Race, Gender, and Citizenship in Oregon

Wells, Jacob, MA, May 2015
Advisor: Jesse Spohnholz
Thesis Title: “The Devotio Moderna; The Radical Reformation, and the Ideal of Inner Spirituality: 1374 – 1554”


Arata, Laura, PhD, August 2014
Advisor — Robert Bauman
Dissertation Title — Race and the Wild West: Sarah Bickford and the Construction of Historical Memory in Virginia City, Montana, 1870 – 1930

Erdey, Beth, PhD, December 2013
Advisor — Robert McCoy
Thesis Title — Wildly Contentious: The Battle for North Central Idaho’s Roads, Rivers, and Wilderness

Franklin, Robert, MA, August 2014
Advisor — Robert McCoy
Thesis Title — “Matanuska? Mister, She’s Tough”: New Deal Agricultural Settlement in Alaska, 1933-1940

Grube, April Mae, M.A., May 2014
Advisor — Peter Boag
Dissertation Title — From Honeymoon to Massacre: Memory and Remembrance of Marcus Whitman, 1847-1962

Herzog, Shawna, PhD, August 2013
Advisor — Heather Streets
Thesis Title — Convenient Compromise: A History of Slavery in the British East Indies, 1795-1841

Homberger, Torsten, PhD, May 2014
Advisor — Raymond Sun
Dissertation Title — Fashioning German Fascism: Constructing the Image of Hitler’s Storm Troopers, 1924-1933

Patterson, Katherine Joyce, M.A.  2014
Advisor — Raymond Sun
Dissertation Title — Inferiority, Sexuality, and Motherhood: Methods and Representations of Female Holocaust Rescuers

Powell, Lee Ann, PhD, December 2013
Advisor — Jeffrey Sanders
Dissertation Title — Culture, Cold War, Conservatism, and the End of Atomic Age: Richland, Washington  1943-1989

Rond, Terisa, PhD, May  2014
Advisor — Susan Peabody
Dissertation Title — Altogether Useless: Women, Crime and the Creation of Unfree Labor for the British Atlantic Colonies 1660-1783

Travis, Philip, PhD, May,  2014
Advisor — Matt Sutton
Dissertation Title — Outlaw States: The United States, Nicaragua and the Cold War Roots of the War on Terrorism

Vickoren, Daniel Joseph, MA, May  2014
Advisor — Matthew A Sutton
Dissertation Title — Seeing Red From the Pulpit: Shifting Perceptions of Mormons and Pentecostals in American Society During the First Red Scare

Wang, Ai, PhD, August, 2014
Advisor — David Pietz
Dissertation Title — City of the River: The Hai River and the Construction of Tianjin, 1897-1948

Current History Graduate Students

Jordan Bergstrom

Doctoral Student


Jordan is a second year Doctoral Student studying under Dr. Matthew Sutton. Jordan is a historian of twentieth century social and political history from a transnational perspective. His areas of research include American foreign policy, formation of political identities, and radical political ideologies. Jordan earned BA’s in history and political science from Central Washington University in 2012. After a short time off, he returned to Central and earned an MA in history in 2015. Jordan’s MA thesis, entitled The Rise and Fall of the Minnesota Middle Ground: Henry Hastings Sibley and the Ethnic Cleansing of Minnesota, focused on the Dakota War and tracked the changing racial identities and racial attitudes of white Europeans and Americans in opposition to Native Americans that ultimately led to the attempted ethnic cleansing of the state. After his first round of graduate school Jordan earned an internship with the SCA and worked as a historian of Russian Empire and Native Alaskan Tribes for the National Park Service at Sitka National Historical Park in Sitka, Alaska. Jordan then took a position with Washington State Department of Correction as a Community Corrections Officer from 2016 – 2019 before returning to academia.

Ryan W. Booth

PhD Candidate

Curriculum Vitae

Ryan W. Booth, ABD, teaches at the WSU Vancouver campus and is a doctoral candidate in the history of the American West working with Dr. Boag.  Booth entered the program in the fall of 2016.  His research focuses on Native Americans and their interactions with the U.S. military.  Booth’s dissertation explores the history of the U.S. Indian Scouts from 1866 to 1947 in the US West and its imperial implications at the turn of the twentieth-century.  He holds degrees from Loyola University Chicago (BA 2001, cum laude) and Central Washington University (MA 2011).  Booth worked previously for the Society of Jesus Oregon Province, National Park Service, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, and for Heritage University as a history instructor. In 2015, Washington Governor Jay Inslee appointed Booth to the Humanities Washington Board of Trustees for a three-year term which ended in 2018. In 2019, Ryan Booth was named a Fulbright-Nehru Fellow for the 2019-2020 academic year to research the similarities between the American West and the British Raj in the late nineteenth century.

James Cornelius

MA student

James A. Cornelius is a first-year MA student studying under the direction of Dr. Lawrence Hatter. He is from southern Utah and completed his BA in history at Brigham Young University- Idaho. He is interested in studying the political and intellectual history of Virginia and the Atlantic World. He has been a contributor to the Journal of the American Revolution, recently publishing an article that compares the political opposition of John Taylor of Caroline in the early American Republic during the 1790’s with the opposition employed by Henry St. John, Viscount Bolingbroke in England during the first half of the eighteenth century.

Samantha Edgerton

Doctoral student

Samantha Edgerton is a second-year doctoral student working with Dr. Laurie Mercier. Her primary research fields are women and gender, race and ethnicity, social movements, and popular culture in the 20th century United States. She received her bachelor’s degree in History and a minor in Women’s Studies, then an MA in History in 2019. Her Master’s thesis, “Better Than Being on the Streets”: Oregon, Idaho, and the Battered Women’s Movement, centered on interpersonal violence (IPV) and the battered women’s shelter movement in Oregon and Idaho during the period 1975 through 1994. Edgerton examined how the battered women’s movement transformed public consciousness about IPV in the Pacific Northwest and offered a historical analysis of the people and institutions that created shelters, pursued legislation criminalizing IPV, and the political backlash they faced in the early 1980s.

Non-historical interests include travel, attempting to improve as a photographer, and being a soccer mom.

Sam Fleischer

PhD candidate

Sam Fleischer, ABD, is a fifth-year doctoral candidate working under Dr. Matthew Sutton. His primary research fields are gender, politics, race, and sports in twentieth-century America, examining the intersection of women’s athletics and the Olympic Games during the Cold War era. Sam has been teaching English and journalism at Foothill College in Los Altos Hills, CA, since 2002, and in addition, he spent 20 years in educational administration and multidisciplinary course instruction as the Special Assistant to the Office of the President Emeritus at Michigan State University (1998-2018). Sam has earned graduate degrees in education, English literature, and history, and he also works as an academic success coach in the WSU Academic Success and Career Center.

Daniel Fogt

PhD candidate

Daniel Fogt, ABD, is a doctoral candidate from Houston, Texas working with Dr. Jesse Spohnholz. He holds degrees from the University of Idaho and Wheaton College. His dissertation is tentatively titled “Regulating Marriage and Socio-Religious Boundaries: The Reformation and Acts of Nonconformity in Netherlandish Refugee Communities, 1560-1600.” His research examines how sixteenth-century Dutch-speaking migrants utilized adjacent and overlapping religious spaces and legal jurisdictions to marry individuals their communities rejected, to abandon unwanted partners, or to escape accusations of bigamy and adultery.

Taylor Hermsen

PhD Candidate

Taylor Hermsen, ABD, is a doctoral candidate studying with Dr. Jeffrey Sanders. Hermsen’s research focuses on the development of the Washington wine industry, particularly in eastern Washington, over the last 80 years.  In particular, he is interested in the ways in which an agricultural region/community is able to reinvent its understanding of itself, its public image, and its relationship with the local environment.  Eastern Washington presents an interesting case study since even after the change, it was still an agricultural region, but had increased focus on the development of agritourism and the production of more luxury-orientated products.  Examining the changes and continuities in this process will form part of the basis for Taylor’s work.

Erin Hvizdak

MA student


Thank you for being patient with us while we create profiles for our new graduate students!

Aaron Jesch

Doctoral student


Aaron Jesch is third year PhD student working under Dr. Laurie Mercier on a project that links the Industrial Workers of the World’s culture of labor radicalism to topics of art (tattoos and music) and sexuality, especially as they relate to ideas about protests and other forms of thought and behavior. It ultimately explores how protests as a performance (soapbox street speaking) became performance as a protest (working-class songs and theater) all in an effort to dismantle the inequities and unfairness of the capitalist system.

Kevin Kipers

PhD candidate

Kevin Kipers, ABD, is a doctoral candidate working with Dr. Lawrence Hatter. Kipers’ research focuses on settlement in the US West and how migration across the frontier during the nineteenth century gave way to the gradual rise of American capitalism, especially after the West’s declared closure in the 1890s.  Hailing from Reno, NV, he earned his B.A. in history from the University of Nevada, Reno with concentrations on Nevada and the West before going on to receive a M.A. in history from California State University, Fullerton with an emphasis on public history and a minor focus on history of the American frontier.  Kipers’ has also conducted some regional study on the history of Orange County’s citrus industry.

In his spare time he enjoys sporting events (especially college football), watching movies, going for hikes, swimming, and traveling.

Karl Krotke-Crandall

PhD Candidate

Karl Krotke-Crandall, ABD, is a doctoral candidate working with Dr. Brigit Farley of the Tri-Cities campus. Karl’s research examines the creation and transmission of historic memory about the Holocaust within Russian Jewish community in the Soviet period. He received his MA in History from the University of Arkansas in 2015 and a BA in History and Journalism from the University of Alaska Anchorage in 2006. In 2018, Karl received a Cohen-Tucker Dissertation Research Fellowship from the Association for Slavic, East-European, and Eurasian Studies (ASEEES). He spent the 2018-2019 academic year conducting research throughout the Russian Federation and returned to the WSU-V Campus in the fall of 2019.

When not reading, writing, or translating he enjoys a good Razorback football game (Woo Pig!) or watching Netflix with his wife.

Adam LaPorte

MA Student

Adam LaPorte is a second year MA student studying U.S. diplomatic relations preceding and during the Second World War under Dr. Noriko Kawamura. Born and raised in Upstate New York, Adam attended RIT (Rochester Institute of Technology) and later UC (Utica College), where he earned his BA in History. During undergrad he was able to be part of his school’s study abroad program where he studied and lived at the University College of Dublin. He enjoys traveling, coffee, craft beer, and playing his friends in fantasy football.

Pamela Lee

Doctoral student

Pamela Hsinhsuan Lee is a Ph.D. student in economic and medical history at Washington State University and works with Dr. Ashley Wright. Her research interests include the social, economic and public health networks connecting Asia and the world in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and imperial and colonial policy.

Hongqiao Li

Doctoral Student

Hongqiao “Ted” Li is a first-year doctoral student studying contemporary Chinese history under professor Xiuyu Wang. His research interests include the evolution of Chinese nationalism in 19th and 20th century, borderland history and media studies. Hongqiao did his undergraduate studies in history at Skidmore College, and MA in East Asian Studies at University of Southern California, with research focusing on Chinese cyber-nationalism, relationship of government and netizens in online activism. When not studying, Hongqiao enjoys watching musicals, singing and learning new languages.

Sreya Mukherjee

Doctoral student


Sreya Mukherjee is a first-year doctoral student working under Dr. Ashley Wright. Sreya was born and raised in Kolkata, India. She has completed her B.A. and M.A. degrees in History from Jadavpur University, Kolkata. Before moving to the United States, Sreya interned with the National Museum, New Delhi, and DakshinaChitra, Tamil Nadu. She was a Sahapedia-UNESCO Fellow in 2017. Her research interest caters to the subcontinent’s social history with a focus on the consumption of inebriants and gender dynamics in late 19th century and early 20th century India. When not working, Sreya likes to travel, sing, and play the ukulele.

Jessica O’Rourke

MA Student

Jessica O’Rourke is a first-year MA student studying under Dr. Rob McCoy. She received her Bachelor’s degree in History and Museum Studies from the University of Wyoming. She has a passion for museums and historic preservation. O’Rourke is pursuing her MA in Public History in hopes that she may enter into the museum field.

Mina Park

Doctoral student



Mina Park is a first-year doctoral student working under Dr. Noriko Kawamura. Mina was born and raised in Changwon, South Korea. Before she came to Pullman, she studied U.S. food aid to South Korea and the change of South Koreans’ dietary culture after WWII to complete the second MA in history from Miami University of Ohio. She earned the first MA in history from the Chung-Ang University in Seoul, South Korea; the research focus was on Charles H. Haskins’s historical view which is based on the theory of the twelfth-century renaissance, who was an American historian of the early 20th centuryHer current interests are mainly in the U.S.’s 20th century foreign relations with Asia regarding agricultural policy, capitalism, and popular culture. When not working on her studies, she enjoys listening to music, doing exercise, and travelling.

James Schroeder

Doctoral student

James Schroeder is a doctoral student working under Dr. Noriko Kawamura. Schroeder’s research interest focuses on the military history and foreign relations of the United States in the twentieth century.

James enjoy traveling, reading, and drinking coffee.

MJ Vega


MA student

MJ Vega is a second year MA student studying Public History under Professor Orlan Svingen. Born and raised in Washington, he graduated from Washington State University in 2018 with a Bachelors in History. He returned to his alma mater where he plans to study the experiences of Japanese-Americans in the Palouse region during World War II and the role that local universities played for those affected by internment.

In his free time, MJ runs a website dedicated to the history of his high school football team. He also enjoys listening to music, local coffee shops, and exploring the Palouse.

HGSA Documents

HGSA Colloquia


The History Graduate Student Association Colloquium Series for Fall 2018 begins in August.

Stay tuned for the 2018 HGSA colloquium poster!

History Graduate Student Association

Kevin Kipers

HGSA President

Brian Stack

HGSA Colloquium Representative


Samantha Edgerton

GPSA Representative

Aaron Jesch

Faculty Representative


Adam LaPorte

Roots of Contemporary Issues Representative

Ryan Booth

Vancouver Campus Representative

Mario Vega

Blog Representative

Joshua Taylor

MA Representative

HGSA Newsletter

HGSA bylaws

Last changes accepted by the committee in 2016 can be seen here.

Financial Assistance

Teaching Assistantship

The only type of financial assistance regularly offered by the Department of History is the teaching assistantship. Appointments of teaching assistants are announced each year near the end of the spring semester. Two general factors determine appointments as teaching assistants: availability of funds and the academic quality of the applicants as judged by the faculty of the Department of History. Normally appointments are for one year and are renewable competitively, if funds are available, on the basis of academic quality and satisfactory performance of assigned duties as judged by the faculty of the Department of History. Students may hold teaching assistantships for a maximum of 2 years while enrolled in the M.A. program and 4 years if enrolled in the Ph.D. program. Research assistantships and other graduate appointments are exempt from these financial assistance guidelines.

Applicants for admission to the Department of History may make application for appointment as a teaching assistant through the procedures outlined in the Guidelines for Admissions. Incumbents in the post of teaching assistant will be renewed if eligible under the limits stated above, unless the Graduate Studies Committee notifies them to the contrary prior to May 1, or unless the Graduate Studies Committee is informed by the concerned individual that he or she does not wish to be considered a candidate for renewal. Incumbents whose funding is in jeopardy will receive a warning letter in April from the director of graduate studies. Final decisions regarding eligibility will be made by the faculty of the Department of History on the recommendation of the Graduate Studies Committee. Graduate students enrolled in the Department of History but not holding appointments as teaching assistants and incumbents deemed ineligible for funding may be considered for appointment or reappointment if they notify the Graduate Studies Committee of their desire to be considered for eligibility by January 10. Such students will be ranked with all new applicants.

Each year, the Graduate Studies Committee will place all new applicants for teaching assistantships in a numerical ranking based upon overall performance. The committee will then estimate the number of teaching assistantships available for the following year and make a certain number of early offers to the most promising new applicants. All other teaching assistantships will be awarded according to the numerical ranking, beginning with the first name on the list, to the limit of the department’s financial resources. All rankings require the approval of the faculty of the Department of History. Advanced doctoral students (post-preliminary examinations) who hold teaching assistant appointments may have the opportunity to teach a course of their own. The prerequisites for such an appointment are the successful completion of History 595 and a major field in the area covered by the course. Appointments will be made by the chair of the department on the recommendation of the director of graduate studies.

Tuition Waiver and In-State Residency

The assistantship appointment will exempt you from paying in-state tuition if you live in Washington State during your enrollment at WSU. We also will provide you with an out-of-state tuition waiver during your first year of studies if you are not a resident of Washington State; however, the out-of-state tuition waiver cannot be guaranteed beyond one year.  If you are not a resident of Washington State, you must begin the process now to establish state residency (see  Students who have not established Washington State residency by the one-year limit will be required to pay out-of-state tuition, even if they have an assistantship.  International students are not eligible to become residents but will receive the full tuition waiver to cover their cost for a maximum of 2 years while enrolled in the M.A. program and 4 years if enrolled in the Ph.D. program.


Language Examination

Language Examination Guidelines

If a Ph.D. student has passed a foreign language examination at another university for the M.A. degree, he or she may not substitute that examination for one taken at WSU.

Language examinations at the doctoral level will be administered and evaluated by the Department of Foreign Languages and Cultures at Washington State University. Students should obtain a copy of the document entitled “Fulfillment of the Foreign Language Translation Requirement for Graduate Students in Other Departments” and following the procedure outlined therein. The application form for the translation exam can be found here.

The Department of History allows a PhD student to take a language course numbered 306 or higher with a B or better or Spanish 600 offered by the Department of Foreign Languages and Cultures to fulfill the foreign language requirement for the PhD in History. However, a PhD student who wishes to take Spanish 600 (S/F) to satisfy this requirement must obtain preapproval from his/her major professor and the Director of Graduate Studies.

Once the appropriate foreign languages faculty has evaluated the translation exam, the School of Languages, Cultures, and Race must report the results to the student and the major professor and deliver a corrected copy of the translation exam to the major professor. In case of a divided judgment regarding the results of the exam, the major professor may request that the chair of the Department of History identify and contact a qualified third party to adjudicate the dispute. If any question concerning the results remain, the Graduate Studies Committee will determine the final outcome in consultation with the major professor. The Committee reserves the right to require that the student take a second translation exam.

Once the student has successfully completed the foreign language requirement, the major professor must report the results to the Graduate Studies Committee for the purpose of maintaining the student’s record. A corrected copy of each examination taken will be placed in the student’s file.

The language requirements for the Ph.D. program must be fulfilled prior to the scheduling of preliminary examinations. Continued funding is contingent upon passing the language examination by the end of the third semester of doctoral work.

Please fill out the Language Background Form and send it with your application to the Department of History.

Required Form

Please fill out the Language Background Form and mail it with your application to the Department of History.

Evaluation Procedures

What is being tested in these examinations are 2 sorts of linguistic skills:

  1. comprehension of the meaning of appropriately-selected passages in the language of the examination, and
  2. the ability to find a suitable English equivalent to the language of the examination passage and to render a smooth, idiomatic translation.

The language examination is designed to test both skills; but, inasmuch as the ability to read and do research in another language is more important than the ability to translate it, in general, exactitude of meaning should take priority over fluency of expression.

In translating the test passage, students should demonstrate not only a knowledge of the meaning of the words; they should be able to put verbs in the correct tenses, words in their proper grammatical forms, and common idioms in their nearest English equivalents. The candidate should recognize the difference between negative and positive phrases, declarative and interrogative expressions, and indicative and imperative moods.

Advising & Program Supervision



The director of graduate studies supervises the graduate program and may be consulted with regard to the completion of program requirements. Academic advising and supervision is the primary responsibility of the major professor. After determining a course of study in consultation with the major professor, the student will assemble a committee composed of at least 3 graduate faculty members with the appropriate specializations. The student must file a program with the department chair by the end of the second semester of enrollment. The program and the committee require approval by the dean of the Graduate School. Subsequent to that, the major professor must approve any adjustments or changes in the program. Failure to file a program may result in the loss of financial eligibility or expulsion from the graduate program.

The committee will be chaired by the major professor and will be responsible for advising the candidate on all matters of form and content of the thesis. Such advice shall be binding upon the candidate. A student who wishes to change fields or committee members must file a change of program form with the director of graduate studies and the Graduate School.

Program Supervision


In order to evaluate graduate students’ academic performance, the Department of History requires each graduate student and their major professor to complete the department’s annual review form by following the process described below. The entire process is transparent: the student and the major professor will meet and discuss the review. The Graduate Studies (GS) Director will oversee the entire process. The GS Committee will make teaching assistant reappointment decisions based on the annual review as well as the teaching assistant evaluation form.

  1. Each graduate student will complete the first three pages of the annual review form and submit it to their major professor, along with a current Curriculum Vitae (CV).
  2. The student’s major professor will complete the fourth page, including detailed comments on the student’s academic progress.
  3. The student and the major professor will meet and discuss the review and both will sign the form.
  4. The major professor will submit the form to the Director of Graduate Studies by February 1.

Should the situation appear to merit it, a major professor may note any apparently marginal or deficient performance by a student and request that the Graduate Studies Committee review the student’s records and make appropriate recommendations to the entire faculty. If approved by majority vote of the faculty, that student may be barred from further enrollment effective at that time or be denied consideration for appointment as a teaching assistant in future years.

During the spring semester each year a student who so desires may make a written request for an evaluation of their overall performance by the Graduate Studies Committee. This will be conducted in consultation with the major professor and other appropriate faculty members. The Graduate Studies Committee will notify the student of the results of the evaluation by the end of the semester.